Neurology and Neurosurgery

The aim of the neurology clinic is to offer state-of-the-art diagnostics and treatments in neurology and neurosurgery to dogs and cats referred to the hospital and to progress neurology for companion animals.

Refer a Case


The activities of the service range from routine consultations to emergency referrals, daily neurological work-up, neurosurgery and tertiary referrals for advanced procedures. We diagnose and treat brain, spine, spinal cord and neuromuscular diseases.

The neurology/neurosurgery service involves Dr Nicolas Granger, Dr Hélène Vandenberghe, rotating surgery/neurology interns, neurology nurses and a rehabilitation team.

Brain diseases

  • Work-up for brain diseases includes high-field (1.5 Tesla) magnetic resonance imaging, electrodiagnostic testing of the brain, cisternal cerebrospinal fluid sampling and routine clinico-pathology tests.
  • Treatment of brain diseases includes medical management, external vagal nerve stimulation for pain and epilepsy and advanced brain surgeries (surgery for brain neoplasms, shunt placement for malformations etc.)

Spinal diseases

  • Work-up for spinal diseases includes high-field (1.5 Tesla) magnetic resonance imaging, CT of the spine, electrodiagnostic testing of spinal pathways, lumbar cerebrospinal fluid sampling and routine clinico-pathology tests.
  • Treatment of spinal diseases includes medical management, spinal cord decompression, spinal stabilisation with implants (PAX, VetLOX, SOP systems), or advanced surgeries such as placement of neuroprosthesis for chronic incontinence treatment.
  • We use 3D printing for guidance in spinal and brain surgery.

Neuro-muscular diseases

  • Work-up for neuro-muscular diseases includes electrodiagnostic testing of muscles and peripheral nerves, muscle and nerve biopsies assessed by experts’ neuropathologists, lumbar cerebrospinal fluid sampling and routine clinico-pathology tests.
  • Treatment for neuro-muscular diseases includes medical management and largely involves physiotherapy and rehabilitation.
  • We work closely with physiotherapists, including colleagues in sports medicine.

A multidisciplinary approach

Neurology requires a team approach because many problems of the nervous system have consequences on other organs; a large number of medical and surgical conditions also commonly lead to neurological dysfunction; therefore, practicing within a team of medicine, oncology, surgery and intensive care specialists is essential.

The neurologist routinely performs neurosurgery in companion animals, but some surgical treatments are better performed with a team approach involving soft tissue and orthopaedic surgeons. Surgeons are trained in spinal surgery as well.

Finally, companion animals affected by neurological diseases very often improve over time but require support from carer, which largely involves the nursing team and physiotherapist.

Pituitary clinic

We offer referral consultations for Cushing and acromegaly treatment via transsphenoidal hypophysectomy. Cushing’s disease in dogs, the most common hormonal disease in ageing dogs, can be cured with surgery. Acromegaly in cats is increasingly recognised as a leading cause of uncontrolled diabetes, which can also be cured surgically.

Sacral nerve implant for treatment of neurogenic incontinence

This involves the placement of a neuroprosthesis on a pair of sacral nerves, to allow remote nerve stimulation and bladder emptying. The system is typically indicated in dogs with T3-L3 severe spinal lesions who have not recovered urinary continence.  These are often paraplegic cases with no pain sensation; it can be done from a few weeks to several months after the onset of signs, some cases having been treated more than a year into their incontinence.

Cell transplant

(olfactory ensheathing cells) for chronic severe spinal cord injury (thoraco-lumbar)

We offer a cell transplant therapy for dogs with severe spinal cord injury (slipped disc) of the thoraco-lumbar spine. This is done by taking a biopsy of the nasal mucosa (through natural route), placing the biopsy in culture in the laboratory to grow the cells and then inject the cells into the spinal cord via needles placed through the skin. This results from extensive research we have undertaken and contributed too in the field of cell therapies for spinal cord injury. For more details, please contact: Dr Nicolas Granger – [email protected].

Spinal fixation

with 3D printed guides for spinal anomalies

At Bristol Vet Specialists, we have experience in correcting spinal deformities in dogs and use the latest advances in neurosurgery.

The Team

Services we offer

Our team of Consultants provide top-quality care in anaesthesia & analgesia, cardiology, dentistry, dermatology, diagnostic imaging, emergency and critical care, internal medicine, neurology and neurosurgery, oncology (including radiotherapy), ophthalmology, orthopaedic and soft tissue surgery.


Anaesthesia and Analgesia Icon

Anaesthesia and Analgesia

Cardiology Icon


Dentistry Icon


Dermatology Icon


Diagnostic Imaging Icon

Diagnostic Imaging

Emergency Care Icon

Emergency and Critical Care

Internal Medicine Icon

Internal Medicine

Interventional Radiology Icon

Interventional Radiology

Neurology and Neurosurgery Icon

Neurology and Neurosurgery

Oncology Icon


Ophthalmology Icon


Orthopaedics Icon


Surgery Icon

Soft Tissue Surgery